August 18, 1848
San Andrés, Buenos Aires, Argentina
8-months-pregnant Maria Camila O’Gorman Ximénez (20) and her lover Father Ladislao Gutiérrez (24) are executed by a firing squad
Father Gutiérrez was a Jesuit priest and his church was the only one within Argentina’s Catholic Church to condemn the police state the country was under at the time. Juan Manuel de Rosas, Governor of Buenos Aires providence, banished the Jesuits from the country because of their open criticism of his tactics. During this time, Father Gutiérrez and O’Gorman, a socialite and friend of Rosas’ daughter, fled the area. They soon established a school in a different providence and posed as husband and wife.
As O’Gorman was of high social rankings, her disappearance drew much attention. Her father claimed she was kidnapped by Father Gutiérrez, having been “seduced by religion.” Others placed the blame on O’Gorman and “demanded an exemplary punishment of the wayward daughter that was also giving the industrious and well-regarded [Irish] community a bad name.”
To purge the area of immorality, the couple was hunted to “satisfy religion and the law and to prevent further cases of immorality and disorder,” and sentenced to death. O’Gorman, 8 months pregnant at the time, was given holy water to drink to baptize her illegitimate unborn child before her execution; though the law forbade the execution of pregnant women, it was carried out regardless to “satisfy religion.” The pair was tied to chairs, blindfolded, and executed by firing squad.