November 20, 869 (or 870)
Kingdom of East Anglia (modern day English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk)
Edmund the Martyr, king of East Anglia, is killed for refusing to renounce Christ
Edmund was defeated by the Great Heathen Army (also known as the Great Viking Army or Great Danish Army) when East Anglia was invaded by the Danes. Traditionally it is accepted Edmund was killed for refusing to renounce his faith. He was beaten, whipped, and shot with arrows “until he bristled with them like a hedgehog.” Finally, brothers Ivar the Boneless and Ubba, sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, demanded Edmund to be beheaded and his head was thrown into the forest. According to legend, Edmund’s followers were directed to the severed head by a talking wolf who cried “Hic, Hic, Hic” (Latin for “Here, Here, Here).